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collegeicon About Ukraine
Ukraine is situated in the Eastern Europe. In the South, it is surrounded by the Black and Sea of Azov. Ukraine is a country with highly developed industries, science and culture. Its population is about 46,5 million people; it takes the first place among European countries by its territory. It is one of the Republics of the former Soviet Union. In 1991, Ukraine declared itself an independent country. At present, it is a contender for membership in the European Union Nations. Ukraine is one of the peaceful and most stable among the ex-USSR countries. It is acknowledged as offering high quality of life. The Ukrainian nation is widely known for hospitality. The Ukrainians are always glad to welcome guests who feel here at home.

The international airport of Borispol is the air gate of the country. Besides Borispol airport you can take international flights from Khakiv, Simferopol, Odessa, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk. International railway connections are with Bulgaria, Check, Slovak, Germany and Poland. International bus routes are from Poland, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany. By ship you can get from Turkey. Ukraine has a well developed transport system. So there will be no problems to get to any part of the country. You can travel all over the country by Air, train or bus. Tickets for train you can buy in advance either at the railway station or in the city. Local transport includes metro, buses, trolleybuses, trams.

Capital of Ukraine – Kiev
Language spoken - Russian ,Ukrainian ,English,
Population – 46,5 million,
Territory – 6, 03,700 sq .km,
National currency is Hryvnia (UHR).1 USD = 8,0Hryvnia(01/01/2010)
Border countries – Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Moldova.

You can change foreign currency in banks, money exchanges, in the international airport. In the airport the currency rate is the same as in other places. Payment for purchasing and services is done in Hryvnias. Nevertheless, some companies take payments in US Dollar/EURO. You can use credit cards of international payment systems. They can be used in all shops, malls, hotels, transport companies, clubs and restaurants. In cities the network of exchange machines is well developed including the most popular banks. Here you can save money both in foreign currency and Ukrainian Hryvnia. Banks are situated in all regions of the country. It makes it easier to transfer money through companies like Western Union and others.

Geography

Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, with an area of 603,700 square kilometers; a coastline of 2,782 kilometers and a population of 45.70 million (2008). The capital and the largest city in Ukraine is Kiev. The seven neighboring countries are: Belarus, Russia, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova and Poland. To the South, Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Sea borders are shared by Turkey, Bulgaria and Georgia. The Ukrainian landscape consists mostly of fertile plains and plateaus, crossed by rivers such as the Dnieper (Dnipro), Seversky Donets, Dniester and the Souther Buh. They flow from north to south into the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The country's has two mountains ranges. The Carpathians in the west, with the highest peak being the Hora Hoverla mountain at 2,061 metres (6,760 ft), and on the Crimean peninsula, in the extreme south along the coast.

Ukraine has temperate contiental climate in the mainland with mediterranean climate on the coastal belt. Winters vary from cool along the Black sea to cold farther inland. Average annual temperatures range from 5.5–7 °C (42–45 °F) in the north, to 11–13 °C (52–55.4 °F) in the south.

Political

Ukraine has a Democratic Government headed by a nationally elected president. The “Verkhovna Rada” or the Ukranian parliament is the highest legislative body with 450 members elected for a four year term. On August 24, 1991 Ukraine declared itself an independent state from the former USSR. Post Soviet rule, Ukraine has opened her doors to foreign investors, businessmen and tourists. Ukraine has always been a very hospitable and friendly country, happy to receive foreign businessmen, foreign guests, tourists and students.

Industry

The people of Ukraine have created good architecture. Monuments from 11th to 18th centuries can be seen throughout Ukraine. Industry is well developed. Space, rocket engineering, aircraft & ship building, high tech equipment production, micro electronics, chip development, media technology and genetic engineering are note able examples. The Antonov airplanes, KrAz Trucks are exported to many countries. From 1991 to 2007, Ukraine has launched 6 self made Satellites and 101 launch vehicles. Electrical equipment made in Ukraine is highly rated in the world. Power station turbines, transformers, high-voltage instruments are used in many countries. International communications is very well developed.

Science & Technology

Ukraine has highly developed scientific potential. The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine has won a world-wide recognition as a center for physical studies of materials; electric welding, special electric metallurgy, synthetic super hard materials and tools made from them.

International Co-operation

Ukraine attaches great importance to the international economic, scientific, medical and technological cooperation, particularly in the field of sharing the national experience with other countries. First of all it concerns training of highly skilled technical and medical personnel for developing countries. Many specialists from the developing countries have graduated from the educational institutions of Ukraine.

National minorities in Ukraine

Bulgarian, Greek, Jewish, Crimean Tartar, German, Polish, Russian, Romanian, Hungarian and dozens of others are part of Ukraine. A system of national schools, libraries, mass media, scientific centers, radio and television, theatres and creative societies is developed. Languages of all peoples inhabiting the territory of Ukraine are granted equality on the state level. The majority religion in Ukraine is Christianity. There are about 0.5 million muslims in Ukraine, mostly in Crimea and Kiev. Jews form a small minority with a population estimate ranging from 100,000 to 300,000.

Human Rights

After independence Ukraine achieved progress in development of the national system and mechanisms in the sphere of protection of human rights. Democratic elections, political pluralism, freedom of speech and mass media, establishing the democratic social state based on the rule of law have become reality. The human beings life, health, dignity and safety are recognized in Ukraine as the highest social value. The constitution guarantees the right of every person to appeal to relevant international institutions and organizations for protection of his or her rights. Ukrainians openness, accessibility and efficiency are more than just empty words.

Higher Education for Foreign Students

Foreign students study in regions full of surprising contrasts of which they quickly become a part of, especially during the many festivals and the intense cultural life, for which the region and the country is famous. Ukraine has always been open to foreign students. There are about 1000 institutes of Higher Education in Ukraine and over 30,000 international students are enrolled in various institutes from over 100 countries from Asia, Europe, America and Africa. The international student community in Ukraine comprises men and women from all over the world; who have the invaluable experience of studying together with students from many different cultural and national backgrounds. Contact with students from many countries in the world broadens understanding of other peoples & provides valuable friendships, many of which last a lifetime.

Transport

Ukraine is linked with most major European cities. Most international flights go to Ukraine. International trains enter Ukraine from many countries. Ships are available from various cities in the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. All official land border crossings into Ukraine are unrestricted, provided you have a visa ahead of time. Ukraine is literally the hub of central Europe. Travel between major Ukrainian cities is best by train or by flight. They are frequent, cheap and convenient. There are bus services to most cities and towns. Taxi services are numerous in Ukraine. Fines are imposed if traffic police smell alcohol in a driver's breath. Driving Speed limits are 40 kph in built-up areas, 90 kph in countryside and 110kph on the motorways. Foreigners need an international driving license to drive automobiles in Ukraine.

Currency

Hryvnya (UAH) = 100 Kopiyok (singular-kopiyka). Notes are in denominations of 200, 100, 50, 10, 5, 2, and 1 hryvnya. Coins are denominated in 50, 25, 10, 5. Foreign currency is readily changed at numerous currency exchanges on the streets or in banks. Credit cards are not readily accepted. Only restaurants and hotels will accept them. International ATM cards work in most ATMs.

GDP was estimated at 198 billion US $ in 2008 and per capita income at 4,322 $ per annum.
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